HDR Landscapes

HDR means high dynamic range. Dynamic range is the difference between the lightest and darkest lighting you can capture in an image. HDR images are normally created when you add several different narrow ranges and exposure of the same subject matter. You can also edit the image to make the colors stand out more.

Americas Top Photographer

The first episode of Top Photographer with Nigel Barker, 5 contestants arrive to New York to go head to head to see who the best photographer is. The First challenge that they have is a sport action themed challenge. They were able to use Miles Chamley-Watson as their model. The 5 contestants had to use their own creativity to be able to win over the judges and beat out the competition. The first challenge was won by a girl names Roxy because of her use of playfulness and just being able to have fun. The people who came in last had to go home because that was part of the show. The second episode the contestants are challenged with fashion photography. The contestants had to create the perfect image for a advertisement campaign with the fall fashion line of high end fashion designer Pamella Roland. The winner of this challenge was someone named Jaymia for the contrast in color, natural lighting, and posing. These episodes showed me that every photographer must interact with whatever the person with trying to capture.

Camera Modes

Auto Mode- Auto Mode Sets the best shutter speed, Aperture, ISO, White balance, focus, and flash. This mode is a great beginner mode because the camera does all the work for you

Portrait mode- Portrait mode switches your camera to a large aperture to help keep backgrounds out of focus. Keeping backgrounds out of focus is best when taking portraits.

Macro mode- Macro mode lets you move closer to things to take close up shots. Different types of cameras will have macro modes with different abilities including focusing distances.

Landscape Mode- Landscape Mode sets the camera up with a small aperture. This mode is great for capturing wide shots especially shots of something out in the open

Sport Mode- Sport Mode helps with capturing things that are going fast. This setting helps you get shots of a moving object without making it look blury.

Night Mode- Night Mode is used of course at night so you can capture things that you wouldn’t normally be able to see with other modes. Of course you should use this setting when you are in a low light environment so you can still get a good amount of color.

Movie Mode- Movie Mode extends your camera from just capturing images into video. Newer models of digital cameras are able to record both video and audio.

Semi Auto Modes- Semi Auto Modes let you have a little more control of the camera, but still not being able to control everything. This mode is great if you want to start learning how to use a camera in full manual mode.

A or AV Mode- A Or AV mode is one of the semi auto modes that let you choose the aperture and where your camera chooses that other setting. Aperture priority mode is useful when you’re looking to control the depth of field in your shots

S Or TV Mode- S Or Tv Mode lets you have Shutter priority. Its very similar to AV mode but you dont get to control the aperture you control the Shutter speed

P Mode- P Mode is like full auto but it lets you control certain amount of things. It gives you control over the flash, white balance, and ISO

Manual Mode – Manual mode lets you have control over the whole camera. You are able to change every setting manually and be able to adjust it to your liking.

File Formats

JPEF Files Compress pictures and don’t take as much space to save, but at the cost of lower quality photos

Tiff files are not compress and are easier to edit, but take up more space

RAW Files are the best quality images with multiple options when it comes to editing, but take up the most space

DNG Files are standardized format of RAW files

PNG Files are the best when it comes to internet use and are an upgraded version of the GIF file

GIF files are best for internet use due to their small file size, but have limited color

BMP files are the best when it comes to printing because the image quality isnt being reduced when compressed

PSD files are default format in photoshop which gives it the most options when it comes to editing, but takes up a good chunk of space


Learn About Simon McCheung's Surreal Digital Photography

This Photo is by Simon McCheung and I really enjoyed this picture because I feel like I can relate to this picture a lot. The reason I relate to this picture is because I have been having so much trouble being able to go to sleep at a good time. To me I think that Simon McCheung is tying to convey that when we sleep we just drift off somewhere we don’t know. I wouldn’t change anything about this picture because it’s perfect just the way it is, but if i did have to add something I would probably have some faint eyes in the background to make it have some what of a creepier vibe to it.


Setting and exposure is one of the most important setting and probably the setting that is going to be changed most of the time. Second thing that a beginner should know about are RAW Files, because most cameras produce jpg files and not all the information of the picture is present. A beginner should learn how to select the focusing points manually. Another thing someone who is just starting should learn is to learn all AF modes. AF modes should be learned because sometimes a photo cant be taken manually. Next a beginner should learn Aperture Priority because your camera will vary the exposure setting depending on the aperture value you have set. Shutter Priority is very important because things like sports and other fast paced things have to be shot with a fast shutter speed. Next is Manual White Balance, beginners should learn how to set white balance manually. Drive modes isn’t a major setting, but you never know when you’re going to have drive modes. Beginners should learn what ISO value depending on the lighting conditions. Something that is easier is the Auto-ISO because some people don’t want to do it manually. Manual Exposure is the last setting that a beginner needs to know, because photographers need to learn when and when not to change exposure depending on lighting.


  1. Wide angles are handy in tight areas, like small rooms, and cars
  2. Standard Lenses tend to range from about 35mm up to around 85mm
  3. Prime Lenses are lenses that are just one focal length
  4. Standard Zoom Lenses are good for wide angle work such as landscapes
  5. A fast lens is usually one that has an aperture of f/4, f/2.8, or larger
  6. Faster telephoto lenses have larger maximum apertures
  7. There is a lens for every type of style of photography
  8. Standard zoom are generally included in SLR kits that come with lenses
  9. Telephoto lenses are also excellent for sports, nature, and wildlife, where it can be difficult to get close.
  10. Telephoto lenses compress distance, making everything appears closer, as opposed to wide angles which distort perspective and make things look further away.
  11. A telephoto zoom such as a 70 -200 f/2.8 is a good choice for sports.
  12. A fast lens is usually one that has an aperture of f/4, f/2.8, or larger.
  13. More expensive lenses have a fixed aperture
  14. Lens prices range from what type of style of photography you are into
  15. Wide angles should be used when prominent foreground objects are present. 
  16. All DSLR systems offer a dizzying selection of lenses for their cameras.
  17. These range from fisheyes that give a 180° field of view, to telephoto lenses up to 800mm or more.
  18. You’ve got zooms, primes, macro, super telephoto, and of course, tilt-shift lenses as well.
  19. Most people tend to feel that zooms offer more bang for the buck these days, while a prime forces you to think more about composition and point of view, simply because it can’t zoom.
  20.  The most popular seems to be various flavors of 70-300mm or 70-200mm.